Construction Project Management – Its Scope, Need And Implementation

On June 21, 2018 by Himanshu

Construction management, simply put, refers to the complete management of a construction project. Hence first planning, then designing and finally the construction of a project come under the purview of construction management. It seeks to properly sync and co-ordinate the involvement of a team of professionals like engineers, architects, and contractors etc., to ensure that the project is carried out seamlessly.

Scope Of Construction Management Defined

Construction Project Management

Thus generally speaking construction project management is typically involved with:

  • Specifying the plans and objectives of a project with stress on:
    • Scope delineation which defines the scope of work,
    • Budgeting of financing of the project,
    • Scheduling of the project by setting time-specific work goals,
    • Setting specific performance requirements to ensure schedule goals are met,
    • Selection of appropriate participants for the successful completion of the project.
  • Maximisation of the required and available resources effectively through proper, qualified and timely procurement of labour, equipments and materials,
  • Implementation of the various aspects of the project through absolutely perfect co-ordination,
  • Development of effective channels of communications and
  • Setting up mechanisms to ensure that conflicts, if any, get resolved immediately and effectively so that work does not get hampered.

Thus the stages involved in the construction management of any project can effectively be divided into:

  • Designing wherein conceptualisation of the project leads to schematic designing, design development and finally contract documents,
  • Pre-construction wherein the main participants like administrator, superintendent, field manager etc., are chosen to assist the contraction project manager who is selected first,
  • Procurement wherein bids and tenders for materials, equipments and even supply of labour are called and purchase orders placed accordingly,
  • Construction wherein the smooth functioning of the construction worksite is enabled and
  • Occupancy which takes place after the construction has been completed to the satisfaction of the client.

Need And Functions Of A Construction Project Manager

Construction Project Management

In order to carry out all the different aspects, it is necessary for the whole team to work under a construction project manager. Thus while the contributions of every member involved in the construction project undertaken is important, the work of the project manager is to ensure that each member contributes his best with sincerity and honesty. Thus the job of a construction manager is multi-faceted and involves:

  • Planning, direction and co-ordination of all activities at the construction worksite,
  • Overseeing the designing of the project,
  • Hiring of the required workers and carrying out proper supervision,
  • Correctly choosing contractors and suppliers,
  • Monitoring supplies to ensure that they are ordered for on time and are also effectively and efficiently used with no wastage whatsoever,
  • Preparing a realistic budget and sticking to it,
  • Progress reporting of the work carried out,
  • Keeping a tab on good performers and appreciating their efforts etc.

Thus while not involved in the actual construction work, the project manager is the one who is virtually responsible for the whole construction project management 24X7 till such time as the project is carried out to completion.

Implementation Of Construction Management

Implementation Of Construction Management

The concept of construction management can be successfully implemented in all the 7 categories of construction namely:

  • Agricultural like construction of barns, animals and equipment sheds, specialised fencing, elevators, storage silos, water supply etc.,
  • Residential like apartments and houses, townhouses, low-rise housing etc.,
  • Commercial like office buildings, shopping complexes and malls, banks, theatres, warehouses, golf-courses and many other types of commercial establishments,
  • Institutional like schools and educations institutions, police and fire stations, museums, government and military establishments, hospitals etc.,
  • Industrial like power plants and chemicals factories, mills and oil refineries, pipelines, seaports etc.,
  • Heavy civil including transportation infrastructure like roads, railroads, bridges, fortified establishments for the military, tunnels, airports etc.,
  • Environmental like projects dealing with waste management, water treatment plants, control of air pollution, sanitary sewers etc.

Hence every construction project needs to have a proper construction management process in place for a hassle-free and successful completion of a project.

Azimuth Builders is an Industrial general contractor in Calgary and expert in providing strategies and solutions for industrial and commercial construction projects. They deliver superior results by providing best pricing and services.

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