Terminal 2 – Mumbai International Airport
International Airport of Chhatrapati Shivaji initially known as International Airport of Sahar, is the chief international airport in the metropolitan city of Mumbai, India. Named after a ruler of the 17th century, Chhatrapati Shivaji, this is the second most flogged airport of India. Operating from 5 terminals in totality spread over a total geographical area of 1160 hectares, the airport serves to some 30-40 million of passengers annually with an hassle free travelling services. Most recently in January 10, 2014 the new incorporated terminal T2 was installed which comprises of a six lane structure, an elevated road that connects the new terminal with the already existing Express Highway of the west. The bright minds behind the construction of this architectural wonder, are the SOM’s- Skidmore, Owings and Merrill. They came up with the innovative catchy ideas of designing the structures of the terminals, getting into detailed analysis upon where to begin the entrances, and exits that links the entire journey of the passenger from the start to its final destination in a logical sequence, facilitating no amount of trouble in the process. Not only passengers, even a convenient route was chalked out of the plan for the cargos so as to promote feasibility in the plan of action. The terminal two of the Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, Mumbai spreads over an area of 210,000 square meters with a 45000 square floor area . This includes the up and coming taxiways /apron areas for parking aircrafts. The terminal that has come into being is capable of catering to some 41 million passengers annually and additional tones of limit for cargos. The iconic structure has boarding gates located on the two piers at the south end. These piers in turn are extensions of the central area which in itself is a gigantic structure build by the use of twenty thousand metric tones of modified steel. Designed by SOM’s in a way that the terminal can operate on the MARS concept i.e. Multiple Aircraft Ramp System that is standing on swinging gates so that a single one can accommodate a wide bodied aircraft in one go. In addition to shrewd use of space at which central core activities can take place the building has another 21000 square feet of area reserved for lounges, retail shops and additional travel services. Parking space for over 5000 vehicles at a time is constructed with wise use of spaces and available. What is commendable is how the designs have given equal importance to all the factors of quality and quantity, delivering in the best combination of both. If a close look is given at the piers, domes, and pillars in particular, the structure is incorporated with a hundreds of drawings of diamond shaped figures that adds on to the beauty of the building from its exterior. No wonder, huge funds are splashed in designing these, but the final structure is promising and worth every penny.