There is a story behind every beautiful garden. A story which could teach lessons about hard work, focus, and patience. So what challenges a gardener the most? Gardeners around the world will agree in unison that pest infestation is the answer.
Most farmers and gardeners use chemical pesticides to get rid of this problem. But, chemical pesticides impacts health, pollutes the water, and can even kill the plant if used in excess. Thus, a shift to organic pest control methods is inevitable to protect nature and our health.
Here, we look at seven efficient ways to get rid of pests without using any chemicals.
Build The Soil
Building an organic and healthy soil is the first step in achieving a pest-free surrounding. You have to make sure that enough nutrients are present for your plants to thrive. Healthy soil equates to healthy plants. Using natural compost and mixing the soil with organic pesticides will lay a good foundation. The delicate plants should be taken out as they might be infected and have a possibility of attracting insects.
Rotate The Plants
Farmers around the world use crop rotation for attaining a good yield. Many pests are plant-specific. So, if you rotate the plants in your garden every season, the possibility of a pest outbreak will be very minimal. Legumes, leaf, fruits, and roots – if you plant in the following order, it will be very hard for the pests to break into your garden.
Don’t Let Them Thrive
Let The Good Bugs In
Not all bugs are harmful to your garden. Beneficial insects like ladybugs, hoverflies, assassin bugs, spiders, etc. consume pests like aphids and tomato hornworms. Plants like cilantro, marigold, rosemary, cosmos, and borage will help in attracting these good bugs into your garden. These plants are known as beneficial insectary plants.
Planting Pest Repellant Plants
If you think that only GMO seeds can repel pest? Think again. Because our earth is blessed with many varieties of plants that naturally makes it hard for the pests to infest. Many insects are repelled by the overpowering odor of certain herbs and plants.
Neem is one of the trees with pest controlling abilities which have been tested and proven since ages. In countries like Nepal and India, Neem products are used by farmers to save their harvest from infestation. Placing small pots of Mint, Pennyroyal, Rue, or Tansy will help in taking care of the condition.
Infestation in Corn can be controlled by choosing tightly husked varieties. When it comes to vine borders, use a variety of squash with a harder stem.
Traps And Barriers
Traps and Barriers are conventional ways to promote pest control. Yellow flypaper will prevent flying insects and flies invading your garden. Installing row covers is another measure for preventing pests from entering your garden. It will allow essential elements like moisture, oxygen, and sunlight to pass through. Slugs can be kept away by placing crushed eggshells at the base of the plants. Metal cans with open sides can be used to prevent cutworms by putting it over tender seedlings and then pushing it a bit into the soil.
If you have pomaceous fruits in your garden, then the apple maggot trap is a must to protect them. In this method, red spheres coated with a sticky substance called Tanglefoot and is placed in different parts of the garden. The color will attract beetles, and the sticky substance will permanently hold the insects.
You can also other use physical measures to kill pests. Steel wool can be used to prevent many pests as they can’t chew through it. Ants can be kept in check by sprinkling cayenne pepper and salt in their path.
Spray Or Sprinkle Cautiously
Organic sprays and powders are readily available for use in your garden. But, always do some research before using them. It is advisable to use the ones that target just the pests that infested your crop. For example, BT (Bacillus thuringiensis) is a bacteria that kills worms and caterpillars. It is available in both spray and powder forms. DE (Diatomaceous Earth) is a bacteria that target aphids, ants, mites, snails, etc
Many insects can be prevented using the all-natural neem oil as well. Homemade garlic and pepper spray is a popular choice for gardeners. But, be careful while using this as many beneficial insects are also adversely affected. Using a seaweed spray will help in enhancing the growth of a plant and will also provide resistance to infections.
Keeping your produce and garden pollution-free should be of utmost importance to you. Let’s fight fire with fire. Use the organic methods listed above and get rid of pests without the influx of chemicals.
To know more about Chemical-free pest treatment, get advice from Nycitypestcontrol, and find pest control options that will be suitable for your home and businesses alike. Let the story behind your garden be about keeping nature intact as well.