Diwali is also known as ‘Deepavali’. The name literally means festival of lights. It is the most important festival in India and is celebrated massively across the nation. There are different provinces who celebrate the festival in a slightly different way according to their culture. But there is one thing is common, the lightening. The houses, verandahs and streets are all lit up in Diwali.
Electrical lightening came to the picture after modernization. But previously, diyas were lit-up. According to the Hindu mythology- ‘Ramayana’, Lord Ram had defeated the Lankan emperor Ravana and rescued his wife Sita. After rescuing his wife Sita, he completed his fourteen years of Vanvas(stay in a forest) and returned to his kingdom of Ayodhya. He returned to his kingdom on Amavasya(new moon night).His return was celebrated by the people of Ayodhya. He was given a warm welcome and diyas were lit up in Ayodhya throughout his way to his palace.
The very tradition is followed by people even today. Diyas are lit up next to the rangoli, in the living room, in the verandahs and in the windows. Even after having electrical lightening, people tend to use diyas in addition. This enhances the decoration of home.
Diyas are usually made of clay with Ghee or oil used as a fuel and cotton wool as the wick. Before the arrival of Diwali, markets are filled with diyas of different shapes and designs. Different people have different tastes. Some people go for coloured, star-shaped diyas while some choose simple lamp shaped diyas. Some people make their diyas at home. Villagers make their own diyas most of the time and people living in cities buy ready-made ones from the market.
Also, colleges and schools organize diya-making competition before Diwali vacations. Students get a platform to showcase their art and they design beautiful diyas. Diwali fetches a good income to artists and crafts persons who design and make diyas. However modern the world gets, diyas will never lose their trend. Electrical lightening can never replace the traditional diyas in Diwali. They can just share a space with diyas.
Diyas can me decorated at home with oil colors painted on them. soak diyas for some hours before you décor them.
Diyas can be decorated with mirrors, colors, and different decorative items available in market.
Floating diyas has been in trend from past few years.
Candle made diyas too look very beautiful.
Combination of diyas with the rangoli looks divine.
Diwali is signified by burning diyas as welcome to guests and love ones to home.
Traditional diyas look authentic but the candle diyas too look beautiful.
Diyas can be lines up at entrance of home, in the room such as living room they can be organized to form different shapes such as a big diya, or flower, circle or auspicious patters in Hindu mythology.
Diyas in the mandir or temple room adds to the divinity of the festival.