The demand for irrigation efficiency has led to a significant investment to be made in irrigation technology!
Today, both the irrigators and the administrators are aware of the need to enhance the power of irrigation and favor the modernization of irrigation by believing in applying smart ways to save water, money as well as time.
Put irrigation is synonymous with ‘when to water’ and ‘how much to water,’ making it significant to know the properties of soil, regulate the irrigation schedule, analyze the feasibility of irrigation systems and opt for the appropriate choice as per the need.
The present need is to optimize when and how much to irrigate, according to crop consumption and soil properties, where the irrigation technicians from waterworks can help you minimize water and energy losses and guarantee yields.
Before moving further, let’s take a quick look at some viable options available among irrigation systems that suit best for terraces, lawns, and gardens.
Efficient Irrigation Systems to Install in Terraces and Gardens
If we have a couple of pots, it is not bad to water with a watering can, but what if we have about 15 or 20 or 50 pots? If you have a terrace or a garden with plants in your establishment, you can save a lot of water consumption depending on the irrigation system you use.
The drip irrigation system, in addition to being the most efficient, is the one that achieves greater savings in water consumption. Drip irrigation saves around 20% compared to sprinkler irrigation, achieving better water use.
An optimized irrigation system can generate up to 50% reduction in water consumption. The choice of an irrigation system is important to achieve the objectives of low water consumption gardening. The three commonly used irrigation systems are:
If you have pots, it is surely the best system. It consists of a plastic tube that has an inner piece with holes approximately after every 40 cm, through which the water flows out drop by drop. It has no evaporation losses and decreases weed proliferation. It requires very little pressure and is easy to assemble.
This system is ideal for continuous rows. It resembles the drip technique, but in this case, the hose is provided with infinite pores. When the hose is full of water, the liquid inside it starts to sweat. It is the technique that allows greater water savings.
This system may be suitable for watering a garden with a large green area. The water is distributed symmetrically as a rain of small drops and is advisable in areas of grass or similar. Depending on the surface of the land to be irrigated, sprinklers (rotating and wider) or diffusers (fixed) can be used.
Over time, irrigation methods have evolved into more complex and efficient systems. Thanks to new technologies, in periods when the reservoirs are at their minimum level, but technology backs us by distinct, coherent systems that help us in sustaining our natural resources.
The Drip Irrigation System is one of them!
The drip irrigation consists of a set of interconnected pipes with small holes that are located at the foot of the plants, where the water flows and falls according to the programmed speed by opening or closing the valves of the holes.
This type of irrigation system is usually accompanied by a small programmer that manages the duration and timing of irrigation.
The installation of drip irrigation is quite simple; you have to adjust this programmer in the main water intake and deploy the different tubes through the crop. Thanks to this method, water is not wasted when it comes into direct contact with the roots, thus preventing it from infiltrating or evaporating. In addition, it is a very economical option that helps the environment.
If this type of irrigation system catches your attention, then it is a wise choice to go for the construction of a home drip irrigation system for watering your garden or lawn area with the minimum usage of water and energy.
[To gain more insights on irrigation and water usage, prefer reading a publication by USDA on Water Management Practices].
How A Drip Irrigation Works Efficiently for Your Garden?
The drip irrigation system is convenient, sustainable, and easy to install, saving up to 40-60% of water and delivering intended gardening results. Let’s see how they benefit our home’s green environment:
Adequate Use of Water
Modern irrigation systems make use of water only when needed. They save from 40% to 60% water, and you can take it to hard-to-reach areas, either slopes or streams.
The drips deliver water directly to the roots, resulting in minimum runoff and evaporation. When the water is administered drop by drop, it can never accumulate on the surface and run on it, which makes only the necessary use of water and helps plants to stay away from erosion.
Therefore, Drip Irrigation guarantees high watering efficiency.
Drippers aid you with the exact arrangement of water in the place where you need to water the plant. The drip irrigation system distributes water equally and directly at the root of the plant so that it absorbs faster and grows well.
Also, with drip irrigation, you can manage the necessary nutrients and fertilizers of your plant by adding fertilizers into the irrigation system, thus improving the yield of our garden. This process is known as fertigation.
The drip irrigation system helps control pests by not only wetting the plant itself but only the roots and prevents the appearance of fungi. But one has to be especially careful with the placement of the dripper since if it is closely attached to the trunk, it can cause vascular diseases.
Furthermore, this says goodbye to weeds by pouring water directly into the plant, which indirectly avoids watering weeds, thus preventing them from growing.
No Soil Erosion
This type of irrigation system prevents soil erosion or loss of macro and micronutrients from the soil due to leaching or surface runoff as the water flows drip by drip and at a controlled flow.
An optimal level of moisture is maintained in the soil where the plants receive an adequate amount of water as per the requirement without excesses of deficiencies.
Adaptable and Adjustable
Drip systems are easily adaptable and changeable over time and can be expanded to irrigate plants even if they spread widely but are under reach. Emitters can be exchanged or removed, and emitter lines can be eliminated or repositioned.
Thus, they can also be adapted to all types of orchards and gardens and can also be customized as per the needs, whether you use a common or simple system or the most complex or a professional drip system.