HAVC, or Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning, is an important element of all buildings. Heating is obviously important in the cooler months, just as cooling is generally seen as vital in the summer months.
Ventilation can seem less obvious but is equally important. Ventilation systems allow fresh air to move through the building, eliminating the stale air and ensuring a plentiful supply of oxygen for everyone inside. The ventilation system also prevents damp air from building up. This decreases the likelihood of mold and the associated health problems.
This is why you must speak to a local, professional, and reputable industrial air conditioning supplier before you choose the right system for your commercial premises.
The basic operation of HVAC is the same in a commercial setting as it is in a residential house. The main difference is the building’s size and how to create a system that works efficiently and effectively for everyone.
In effect, all of these systems focus on moving air around the building. The heating element will warm the air and direct it to the relevant places. A cooling system focuses on the same thing but moves cold air around. Both of these types of systems can drag fresh air in from outside or reprocess the air inside.
In contrast, the ventilation system provides fresh air, replenishes the air in the building, and ensures that damp air is removed to prevent mold, pest attraction, or damage.
Types Of Commercial HVAC Systems
There are several options available when looking for a system that will heat, cool, and ventilate. One of the most popular options is the heat pump. This absorbs heat from the air outside of the building and warm water pumped around the building. This system normally works in tandem with radiators throughout the building.
You can also use a ground source heat pump, which runs pipes under the ground. The liquid in the pipes absorbs water from the soil and pumps it around the building.
Both types are effective and very cheap to run. They are also environmentally friendly options.
Potentially more common, especially in older buildings, is the rooftop units. These are basically huge fans that suck the air into the building and ducts. This can then be pumped around the building to allow ventilation. The air can also be pumped through heaters or air conditioners to create hot/cold air and heat or cool the building.
They are surprisingly efficient but more expensive to run than heat pumps.
It would help if you also considered the hot air furnaces that use fuel, such as oil or gas, to heat the air. This hot air id then moved around the building in ducts.
That’s the critical point of any commercial HVAC system, the ducts that move the air around and ensure the hot or cold air arrives in the right places. This is the part that requires the most planning when creating the system.